Beautiful and unpretentious rubber plants: varieties and care

Undoubtedly, flowers in the house create an atmosphere of beauty and comfort, make the indoor climate better, so female site with pleasure tells how to care for them. I would like to highlight ficus, beautiful and low maintenance.

They are very beautiful, and the diversity of their types will create a real green corners in the house. Many varieties of this wonderful plant are easily amenable to forming, so their owners have the opportunity to learn the art of topiary, creating “living sculptures”, which beautifully decorate the house. If you want to have at home ficus, varieties and care of this plant is what should speak in the first place.

Rubber plants: varieties and care

Just nature, there are about 800 varieties of ficus. They can be in the form of trees, shrubs or even vines. Not so long ago in many flower shops were sold mainly ficus elastica, however, today you can meet a lot of other varieties.

Talk about what are the different types of this plant and how to care for ficus house.


Many people like lyre or violin ficus. Its leaves differ in the shape of a lyre, which have a length up to 50 cm And the dark background of the leaves you will notice the bright streaks.

elastica ficus

Ficus elastica has several subtypes. The most common are Robusta with a strong dark green leaves and Variegata with light spots and stripes on the leaves. View Black Prince has almost black leaves, and other varieties of this subspecies have leaves marble pattern or cream edges.

Pet breeders can be called a ficus benjamina, which has small pointed leaves. Fans grow the most diverse forms of the ficus with wavy and straight leaves, with spots and streaks of various shades.

This species has weak and thin stems that need shaping. If this is not done, they can stretch out with one hand, and Bush will look lopsided. The pot can be planted a few shoots that twist pigtail, so they grow together and are quite sturdy trunk. Cut the ficus tree can easily tolerate, but the cut is better for processing powdered charcoal, so as not flowed a milky juice.

Bengal ficus or Banyan has velvety leaves that reach a length of 20 cm On lateral branches of the ficus grow aerial roots that can take root and become additional support. This ability allows ficus to start life in the branches of any tree.

From ficus Ali leaves long and narrow, as if drooping, and resemble blades of grass. If you plant several shoots and twisting their trunks, it is possible to obtain similarity trees.

Variegated forms of ficus are the most demanding to care. How to care for ficus house of this type? They need more bright light and higher temperature. Breed variegated types better not cuttings, and air layering.

ficus Benjamin

How to care for ficus house

They distinguish the varieties and care. Many kinds of figs — quite undemanding plant.

They can normally grow in partial shade, but it does not touch the basket and variegated forms. The most suitable for them the temperature you can call +20 in the winter, and in summer the temperature can be slightly higher. It is not necessary to prevent the lowering of the temperature below +12.

So, how to properly care for a pet ficus tree? During the growth of the rubber plant requires plenty of water, so from mid-spring until autumn the land is required to moisturize.

Be sure that the pan does not remain water, otherwise the roots can rot.

In the fall, gradually reduce watering and in winter, watering is done once in 10 days. To feed they need from spring to September, every two weeks any mineral fertilizer. You can also use natural fertilizers, such as mullein, garlic oil, wood ash or manure.

Bengal ficus

If in winter, the ficus does not grow, it is also possible to fertilize, however, you must remember that vegetation in the winter can lead to thin and weak shoots to be removed. So do not overdo it with fertilizer in the winter.

Transplant young plants, as a rule, every two years, usually in the spring. Adult plants in principle do not require a transplant, they need only update the top layer of the soil.

Rubber plants of different varieties and require different care. Many kinds of figs grow great in hydroponics.

The best substrate for ficus is a mixture of sand, peat, turf and ground sheet.

It is not recommended to use large flower pots, Fig trees should be planted in close containers to restrict their growth so that they feel comfortable at home.

During the process of transplantation of the plant should be well watered, repot in a new container method of handling.

Rubber plants with tough leathery leaves can sometimes be treated with special polishes. Processed only the upper part of the leaf, wash the stem and young shoots.

Now you know how to take care of house ficus.

ficus ginseng

For reproduction used apical cuttings with leaves. They are cut with a sharp knife and put in warm water to slice through is not obstructed by the milky juice. Then put the shaft inclined in a loose substrate or sand and water, and for stability you can use the go-to backup. Rooting cuttings of ficus is recommended in the warm season.

Author – Lydia Karant, site

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