Caring for a premature baby, the physiology and development

This page women’s website “” devotes its readers, whose babies are born prematurely and who are interested in the question of how to properly care for the premature child at home.

In accordance with the regulations of the world health organization considered preterm children born in the period from 22 to 37 weeks of gestation with a weight of 2.5 kg.

Once the baby was born before 30 weeks, chances of survival were very low. Modern medical technologies allow to nurse even children’s 4-th degree of prematurity weighing less than a kilogram. In a hospital such baby is placed in a special warmer for a day, and doctors are constantly monitoring his health. After the baby he will learn to breathe and gain weight, he goes home, where care for him will be mostly mum.

As a rule, the first months of caring for a premature baby, all family members are many challenges that appear due to fears, lack of experience and accurate information about the features of the development of these babies.

Premature baby: physiology, development, care

A child born prematurely, outwardly very different from their peers born at term.

He is completely absent subcutaneous fat, so he looks very thin. Skin such crumbs very thin, wrinkled, almost completely covered with light fuzz. The premature baby’s head seems disproportionately large. Thin nails, soft tabs, located in the lower abdomen navel, smooth, without drawing hands and feet – all of this will change over time.

The baby will get stronger, grow up and apparently there will be absolutely no different from their peers.

The website found that much more dangerous to life and health of preterm infants are their physiological characteristics.

  • Despite the fact that the nervous system in children born prematurely, fully formed, she’s not ready to fully function because nerve fibers have not yet formed a shell, in which the impulses are transmitted to the various bodies. Such babies sucking reflex is often impaired. In some cases, the immaturity of the CNR in premature infants may cause the development of seizures, which tend to develop into cerebral palsy. A particularly high risk of such complications in children last degree of prematurity. That is why one of the most important aspects of caring for a premature baby is a periodic visit to a pediatric neurologist.
  • Internal organs early baby do not have time to ripen for normal operation, so neonatal jaundice these children are kept for about a month.
  • The breath of babies who were born prematurely, and uneven surface. This is due to the fact that their lungs are cracking down bad. Because of this especially premature infants are often exposed to respiratory diseases. It is therefore very important to protect your baby from all sources of infection, and in any case do not allow to enter the children’s room of cigarette smoke. In addition, it is recommended that as often as possible to take the kid on hands, and during sleep to change his position to avoid stagnant processes in the respiratory tract.
  • Features of care of premature babies needs to consider such physiological indicators as thermoregulation, which immature kids missing. It is therefore very important to constantly monitor the body temperature of the crumbs to avoid hypothermia or overheating.
  • Early toddlers enzyme system is immature, they often have problems with digestion. Therefore, one of the most important aspects of the care of premature babies is breast-feeding. That is the mother’s milk helps the immature bits and pieces to gain strength and to resist various infections.
  • Due to the fact that the process of early bone mineralization of children at the time of their birth does not appear to finish, the risk of rickets is higher than in full-term babies. Therefore, to prevent immature crumbs prescribe vitamin D.
  • The care of premature babies at home must necessarily take into account all of the above physiological characteristics. If done properly the child will develop in accordance with the norm prescribed for premature babies.

    The development of premature infants depends on what time they were born.

    Usually, the first time such children lag behind full-term peers for 1-2 months. About six months no difference in psychomotor development of children early, and to year – in physical terms.

    So the question is, how to care for a premature baby is likely to worry parents the first few months of life crumbs.

    Care of premature baby at home

    The first months after discharge from the hospital the baby is born prematurely, it is necessary to provide a comfortable temperature and complete isolation from any source of infection. The entire program of nursing of immature crumbs should consist of a few basic points.

    • The temperature and humidity. In the room where it will be scarce, should be fairly warm – around +25⁰S. In addition, it is recommended to use a rubber pad wrapped with a towel or diaper, with a water temperature of +60⁰S. Two warmers to put on top of the bed on the left and right sides of the crumbs at a distance of a palm from him. One of the warmers should be placed under the blanket at the feet of the baby. This measure will not allow the child to freeze. The nursery should be aired not less than every three hours. Wet cleaning is needed on a daily basis. The humidity in the nursery should be approximately 50%. That this figure was easier to control, it is recommended to purchase a hygrometer and place it next to the crib of the baby at a height of 1.5 meters from the floor. Temperature regime is a major factor in the care of a premature child and is particularly important in the first month of life crumbs.
    • Feeding. It is very important to feed a preterm baby breast milk because it provides all the necessary nutrients and protects from infection. Unlike full-term babies, immature kids should not feed on demand instead of every 3 hours. Night feeding should be carried out in the same mode that day. If the baby is asleep, let’s Wake him up for feeding, slightly poterebit ear or nose.
    • Contact with the mother. The question of how to properly care for a premature baby, very important is its proximity with the mother. To early the baby is less ill and faster growing, it is recommended to refer to the so-called kangaroo. The method consists in placing the naked baby on the mother’s naked stomach, where partially covered by a warm blanket, he spends most of the day.
    • Walk. Baby born weighing more than 1.5 kg, you can start to walk in 2 weeks after his birth. But only on the condition that the street will be warm weather with air temperatures not below +22⁰S. The first time you can walk no longer than 10 minutes. Every day, duration of walk can be increased to 5 minutes.
    • Bathing. Speaking about how to care for a preemie, you cannot overlook the issue of hygiene. Children with a birth weight more than 1.5 kg allowed to bathe for approximately 10 days after birth. For bathing it is necessary to use only boiled water with a temperature of 38⁰S. In the room where you will bathe the baby, should be no colder 25⁰S. In the water the baby needs to be literally 4 minutes. After bathing, it must be quickly wrapped in a warm towel, gently blot his skin.

    It is also very important to do the baby massage, to execute simple exercises. The mother who wants to care for a premature child, it is recommended to wear it on your hand, to talk to him, sing him songs.

    Despite the fact that this kid apparently did not react, he feels and understands that this mother shows her affection.

    And anyway, mom’s love is the most important moment in the care of a premature baby. If the mother will all my heart love your baby and believe that all of them will be good, soon everything will happen.

    Author – Pelageja, site

    Caring for a premature baby, the physiology and development uses cookies to be better. Before you continue reading, you must agree terms and conditions

    The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.