Cold urticaria: symptoms and treatment

Cold and frost give a lot of glow and a good mood, but for some, the onset of winter starts, the real torture.

Rash develops into blisters, severe itching, dryness and flaking — all these symptoms can be signs of such diseases as cold urticaria. What is this disease? What are the causes? How to quickly remove the symptoms and what is treatment?

The answers to these questions are located in our today’s article on the women’s website

Cold urticaria: symptoms and proper diagnosis

Allergic to the cold is about the same as any other allergic reaction — red spots, rashes, blisters, which are very similar to burns from nettles (hence the name). All these symptoms arise from the interaction with cold air or very cold water (rain, ice, snow) and in the first place begin to appear on the face, neck, hands.

But the signs of cold urticaria may be more serious:

  • the increase in body temperature;
  • headaches (mostly pressing against the back of the head and neck);
  • nausea;
  • runny nose;
  • swelling and inflammation of the mucosa in the nose, mouth, eyes;
  • angioedema.

As you can see, this disease is successfully “masked” under a cold, infection, dermatitis, etc.

Is it possible to determine that you have cold allergies? Yes, and there is even a special test.

Take a piece of ice and apply it to the back of the hand or the inner bend of the elbow for 5-7 minutes. After 10-15 minutes, have to show the first signs: redness, rash, itching, and later peeling skin. If the reaction is positive, you should consult a doctor-an allergist to conduct the necessary blood tests and to prescribe effective treatment.

Cold urticaria: basic types

For the first time of cold urticaria is diagnosed and described in 1864. But until now scientists can not give an exact explanation for why it occurs, what are the physiological preconditions for such a reaction to the cold from our body. Among the reasons for the occurrence of cold urticaria many are low immunity, and hypersensitivity of the skin.

However, doctors have learned to distinguish several varieties of this unpleasant disease.

  • Acute: occurs abruptly, is characterized by all the above-mentioned symptoms, severe rashes, intense itching. May last for several weeks are the most intense cold.
  • Recurrent: it occurs every winter, regardless of weather conditions. Sometimes it can occur even in summer — when the skin and cold water.
  • Reflex: the affected skin, which for a long time exposed to extreme cold, such as the hands in contact with ice or snow. Other parts of the body affected.
  • Family: is so called because is inherited. The reaction occurs immediately, but after a couple of hours and sometimes even a day after exposure to the cold.
  • Causes cold urticaria

    Well, now the site try to understand directly the causes of cold urticaria. What allergen appears a cold environment, we know that already.

    But what reasons can lie in the body? As we said above, the scientists can not give a 100% explanation why there is cold urticaria. Many are inclined to believe that this is not an independent disease, but only a collection of symptoms.

    The true causes of cold urticaria may include the following:

    • weakened body (for example, after a long illness, after antibiotics, the body is not tempered and not used to the cold);
    • infectious and respiratory diseases, chronic disease, foci of inflammation, worm infestation;
    • more intensive development (cold) protein cryoglobulin, which actively reacts histamine — a biologically active substance in our body that are responsible for allergic reactions;
    • problems with the gastrointestinal tract;
    • food Allergy.

    How to treat cold urticaria?

    If cold Allergy is manifested very sharply and causing you a lot of suffering and discomfort, it makes sense to get tested for the presence of the reasons described in the previous paragraph, and begin treatment. Get rid of all the symptoms in the case of the presence of a disease you can only cure it completely.

    If the General condition of an organism in norm, then go to the doctor-allergist and take a blood test. If the Allergy to cold is shown not too spicy and causes discomfort only during harsh winters or severe frosts, it is possible to focus on the symptoms of urticaria in the cold. What would be useful to do?

    Eliminate the allergen

    In this case it is cold, so try not to go outside when there are strong frosts.

    The maximum warmed

    Closer to the body, try to wear natural fabrics, and on top you can wear wool or synthetic windproof outerwear. Cover the face, neck, hands.

    If it’s not possible to avoid hypothermia

    In this case, go into a warm room, and better yet, undress and take a warm (but not hot) bath or shower to warm up the skin.


    If an allergic reaction has begun, you can drink antihistamine drug type “Suprastin”, “Diazolin”, “claritin”, “loratadine”, etc.

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    On areas of skin where there are rashes, apply cream or ointment, soothing the itching, relieves redness and swelling (“Core”, “Gitan”, “Advantan”, “Ftorokort”).

    In severe cases

    If there are severe swelling of mucous or angioedema, doctors prescribe bronchodilatatory and also drugs, cleansing the blood from cryoglobulin. Itself to appoint such things are not recommended – better to visit Dermatoallergology.


    As one of the reasons for the development of cold hives can be food allergies and problems with the gastrointestinal tract, eliminate the cold season of citrus, chocolate and cocoa, pickles and smoked meats, eggs.

    As you can see, the reasons for this unpleasant disease can be many. But if time and correctly to diagnose, it is possible to prevent all unpleasant symptoms and manifestations of cold Allergy. Be healthy!

    Author – Tatiana Maltseva, site

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