Missed abortion: symptoms and causes, risk factors

Probably not in the world a woman would not want to know the joy of motherhood. But not always the expectation of the child occurs rosy and happy. Women’s website “ToKnow365.top” I decided to dedicate this page to such an important issue as missed abortion.

This term in medicine, refers to a fetal death at gestational ages from 3 to 28 weeks. According to statistics, the sinking is completed approximately every 8th pregnancy in our country.

If the embryo stops developing in the early stages (4-5 weeks), the woman may not even notice that he was in position. It occurs spontaneous abortion, which by its characteristics practically does not differ from menstruation.

The sinking of pregnancy at a later date in our country is treated only in a hospital. To put such a diagnosis can only physician.

Missed abortion: the symptoms

Depending on what time occurred the death of the fetus, there are different symptoms fading pregnancy. A woman who is on a period of 5 to 20 weeks should alert the following symptoms:

  • The disappearance of toxicity.
  • The absence of pain and tension in the chest. Doctors say that within 3-5 days after the embryo fading of the breast in a pregnant woman becomes soft and painless. This is the sign of missed abortion is the most common and eloquent.
  • Pulling and aching pain in the abdomen as during menstruation.
  • The appearance of bloody or sukrovichnye discharge.
  • The fever and weakness. These symptoms may appear in case if lost, the embryo begins to decay and its decay products get into the body of the mother.
  • After the 20 th week of pregnancy the woman begins to feel fetal movements. If the child does not make any movements for a day or more, should immediately contact the women’s clinic, as it is the main symptom missed abortion at this time.

    Diagnosing fetal demise can only be a doctor.

    To do this, in the early stages he inspects the patient in the chair, determining the size of the uterus and changes of the vaginal mucosa. The diagnosis must confirm the ultrasound. Within 6 weeks in cases of suspected sinking of pregnancy an ultrasound is performed twice, as the absence of heartbeat of the embryo can just be evidence of a later conception. To determine fetal death at a later date just one ultrasound.

    Missed abortion: treatment

    Unfortunately, to continue the pregnancy when it is not sinking because it is impossible to resurrect a dead fetus. The only method of treatment for this diagnosis is the curettage or vacuum aspiration. If the fetus dies in the period of more than 20 weeks are assigned to the artificial birth.

    In some cases, if the pregnancy stops developing at 4-8 weeks, may be prescribed drugs that cause miscarriage. However, this method does not guarantee that the uterus will not remain parts of the dead fetus and placenta, which can become a source of inflammation.

    Therefore, most gynecologists decide to spend scraping at the stood pregnancy.

    This operation is performed under General anesthesia, so during it the woman feels no pain. After curettage is prescribed a course of antibiotics. The first days of the abdomen can hurt just as during menstruation. After some time the discomfort disappears.

    Period after missed abortion recover quickly. Six months after the operation, the woman’s body returns to normal. But doctors recommend not to plan subsequent pregnancy earlier than a year after the cleaning of the uterus.

    In order to minimize the risk of miscarriage of the next pregnancy, it is recommended to find and remove the cause of death of the fetus.

    Miscarriage: causes and risk factors

    As practice shows, the most common causes of missed abortion can be divided into several major groups:

  • Genetic. Studies have shown that in 70% of cases the fetus dies as a result of some genetic abnormalities. In such situations, the nature simply prevents the birth of a sick, non-viable baby.
  • Hormonal. Pregnancy can spontaneously be interrupted as a result of hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body. In particular, the death of the embryo can be caused by high testosterone and lack of progesterone.
  • Infectious. Lead to the death of the developing embryo can get almost any infection. But the most dangerous in this respect are different STIs (gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, etc.) and childhood infections (rubella, chickenpox).
  • The sinking of pregnancy can also be a result of rhesus-conflict mother and child, receiving a pregnant woman drugs with teratogenic effect of alcohol abuse, Smoking, drug use.

    In many cases the exact answer to the question why stops the pregnancy, doctors can not give. But the statistics gives information about confident women in the risk group. These include:

  • Expectant mothers older than 35 years.
  • Women who made 2 or more abortions.
  • Those who have diagnosed an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Workers of industrial enterprises with difficult working conditions.
  • Women with abnormalities of the uterine structure.
  • The consequences of missed abortion

    For many women, this diagnosis is a real tragedy. They suffer not only because of the loss of a wanted child, but also out of fear that you will not be able to have children. Especially hard for those who have experienced 2 missed abortion.

    The website sympaty.net says: do not despair. 90% of women who suffered a miscarriage, in the future give birth to healthy children.

    For the prevention of miscarriage in subsequent pregnancies should follow the recommendations of doctors. Primarily the doctors figure out the exact cause of the death of the embryo or fetus. For this purpose carried out cytogenetic studies of tissues of the embryo, indicating that causes of its development. In addition, the failed mom is required to take a blood test for hormones. Both spouses must also pass the examination for hidden STIs.

    On the question of whether the stood pregnancy be repeated for the couple, answer a survey spouses to work in the genetic center. This analysis is a paid and expensive, but families in which the sinking of the pregnancy was repeated more than once, get the opportunity to do it for free.

    All women suffered a miscarriage, it is important to remember that the death of the embryo itself has no influence on the course of subsequent pregnancies and doesn’t affect the health of future children.

    Proof of this are the kids who appeared in almost all mothers, faced with the loss of one or even multiple pregnancies.

    So you need to maintain emotional balance, optimism and a firm belief that the joys of motherhood will change his time of frustration. And then all will be well.

    Author – Pelageja, site ToKnow365.top

    Missed abortion: symptoms and causes, risk factors

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